Using the Drop Shadow Filter in AS3
       by kirupa  |  14 June 2009

Flash has had what are known as filters for quite a while. Filters are basically pre-made visual effects you can apply to your movie clips, and you probably know them more commonly as just Blur, Drop Shadow, Glow, Bevel, etc. The most common way for you to use filters is via the Filters category in your Properties panel:

You can quickly point, click, and modify any properties your filter exposes for you:

Like many things, there are times where you will use filters entirely via the UI as seen in the screenshots above. There will be other times when you will want to apply a filter programmatically using just code. In this quick article, I will discuss the latter case where I will show you how to add a Drop Shadow filter and set its properties using ActionScript 3 (AS3).

The Code
For applying a Drop Shadow filter, the following shows the least amount of code you will need to make all of this work:

function init() {
var dropShadow:DropShadowFilter = new DropShadowFilter();
myMovieClip.filters = new Array(dropShadow);

All you need to do to use the above code is replace myMovieClip with the instance name of the movie clip you are interested in using. Since I am lacking creativity, I decided to apply the drop shadow using the above code to a few colored squares. Here is what the result looked like:

With just twp lines of code, you were able to get up and running with a default drop shadow filter applied to a movie clip you specified. Let's look at the code in greater detail:

var dropShadow:DropShadowFilter = new DropShadowFilter();

In this line, I declare and initialize my dropShadow object. Notice that this object is of type DropShadowFilter, and I initialize to a new DropShadowFilter() object with no additional arguments passed in to the constructor. If some of the terms I used seem unfamiliar to you, feel free to look through the Classes in ActionScript 3 article later.

myMovieClip.filters = new Array(dropShadow);

In our final line of code, I am setting our movie clip instance's filters property to an array that contains dropShadow. The reason I am passing in the value as an array is because your movie clip can have many filters applied to it simultaneously. Therefore, you cannot just set the filters property to an individual filter.

By using an array, I can append more filters on to my movie clip very easily:

myMovieClip.filters = new Array(filter1, filter2,...,filterN);

Well, that is all there is to applying a drop shadow to an element.

Customizing the Drop Shadow Filter
Surely, you didn't think that is all there would be to this article, did you? Earlier, I posted a screenshot of all of the various tweaks you can do to a filter, which conveniently turned out to be our drop shadow filter:

Fortunately, you can easily set all of these properties in code as well. The following is an example of the two line code you saw above, except this time, all of the properties are explicitly listed:

function init() {
var dropShadow:DropShadowFilter = new DropShadowFilter();
dropShadow.distance = 0;
dropShadow.angle = 45;
dropShadow.color = 0x333333;
dropShadow.alpha = 1;
dropShadow.blurX = 10;
dropShadow.blurY = 10;
dropShadow.strength = 1;
dropShadow.quality = 15;
dropShadow.inner = false;
dropShadow.knockout = false;
dropShadow.hideObject = false;
myMovieClip.filters = new Array(dropShadow);

By modifying the values to these properties, you can alter what the drop shadow on your movie clip looks like. For example, my earlier four squares when run through the filter with the above properties looks as follows:

I will not detail what each of these properties do, for the Adobe documentation does a great job of that, so check them out here:

This was a fun, short article, so I hope you enjoyed it. The only thing to keep in mind is that filters can be taxing on the CPU when used egregiously, so be careful of that when programmatically going crazy with their properties.

In case you are curious to see what my version of the example you have been seeing screenshots of looks like, download the source files from the following link:

Download Filters Source

If you have a question about this or any other topic, the easiest thing is to drop by our forums where a bunch of the friendliest people you'll ever run into will be happy to help you out!


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