WrapPanel and StackPanel
       by kirupa  |  15 January 2009

In Silverlight and WPF, you have a lot of choices in how to lay out your content. This is accomplished via layout panels whose only purpose is to help arrange all of the content that you decide to place inside them. While most panels are pretty boring, in this article, we will look at two panels who are anything but! These panels are known as WrapPanel and StackPanel.

Introducing WrapPanel and StackPanel
As their name implies, WrapPanels wrap any content stored within its boundaries, and StackPanels stack content. That seems pretty simple, but just to highlight what makes them useful, letís look at quick examples of both layout controls in action.

Looking at WrapPanel
A WrapPanel allows you to place content inside it, and it wraps the content over new rows and columns if there isnít enough space available. The following screenshot shows you some square shapes placed inside a WrapPanel whose orientation is Horizontal where rows are filled first:


[ when horizontally oriented, the contents fills out horizontally first ]

The WrapPanel ensures that no elements stored inside it go beyond the panelís boundaries. That is why you see some of our squares starting on a second line instead of extending the first line of squares indefinitely.

You can also set the orientation to be Vertical, and our WrapPanel fills columns first:


[ when vertically oriented, the content fills out vertically starting at the top-left ]

Looking at the StackPanel
The StackPanel is similar to WrapPanel, but a major difference is that it doesnít wrap the content. Instead, it allows you to stack contents either horizontally or vertically. The following image shows you some green squares placed inside a StackPanel whose orientation is Horizontal:


[ contents stacked horizontally ]

Likewise, if we change our above StackPanel to have a Vertical orientation, our green squares are stacked as shown in the following image:


[ contents stacked vertically ]

These panels are great because they take care of the positioning of the individual content inside them automatically. You add your content, and poof, everything works.

Using WrapPanels and StackPanels
Now that you have an introduction to how they work, let's get to the fun part where you actually get to use them. Launch Expression Blend, and create a new application. I am going to create a WPF application, but you can create a Silverlight application if you want. Just note that the WrapPanel is something that you get in Silverlight 2 only if you have the Silverlight Toolkit installed.

Once you have launched Blend, open your Layout panels menu by clicking on the icon in your toolbox that looks like it may contain panels:

[ once you find it, the layout panel flyout menu is all you need! ]

From this menu, you can view all of the layout panels that you can use - including your friendly StackPanel and WrapPanel. Using a panel takes two steps. First, you have to select it from this menu. Once you have done that, your layout panel icon in the toolbox will change to display the icon of the panel you just selected:

[ notice that your layout panel icon in the toolbox has changed ]

After the icon displays, double-click on the icon to insert the panel into your application. Because what you are inserting is just a panel, what you see will just be an entry in your object tree and an outline on the Artboard indicating that a panel has been inserted:

[ your panel inserted on your artboard ]

With your panel inserted, you can reposition and resize it just like you would another other control that you place on your Artboard. The difference is that you can easily place contents inside them. I just inserted a WrapPanel, and notice what happens when I place a lot of buttons into it:

[ a flock of buttons placed inserted into a WrapPanel ]

To customize your panel, you would just the Properties Inspector that appears on the right-hand side. The one property that you would probably be most interested in is the one that changes the orientation of how content inside your WrapPanel or StackPanel is placed. That property is aptly called...Orientation:

[ the Orientation property allows you to pick how your items will be arranged ]

Changing the value of what is displayed by using the combobox will allow you to easily jump between the Horizontal and Vertical orientations.

That is all there is to it when it comes to the WrapPanel and StackPanel. When it comes to building applications, a control that allows you to arrange contents inside them is quite valuable.



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