Smooth Morphing with Transition Effects
       by kirupa  |  7 July 2010

Ever since wooly mammoths roamed the earth, you have had the ability to move between visual states. Not only could you move between states, you could do it in style by altering the duration and specifying an easing function.
Starting with Expression Blend 4, the awesomeness of moving between states has been kicked up a few notches with the introduction of transition effects.

In the following example, hover over buttons 1 through 4 to navigate between four visual states:

Get Microsoft Silverlight

[ hover over the numbered buttons ]

Each visual state contains a different album image. As you are changing from one album to another, notice that you see a slight ripple effect. This ripple effect clearly goes beyond simple easing function and duration changes that you were accustomed to. What you just witnessed is the result of applying something called a TransitionEffect.

What is a TransitionEffect
In a nutshell, a TransitionEffect is nothing more than a PixelShader that uses your graphics card to manipulate pixels in clever and complicated ways. It works in concert with your duration and easing function to create smooth morphs between states as the one ripple effect you saw earlier.

Using TransitionEffects
Using a TransitionEffect is actually extremely easy if you already know how to work with states. If you don’t know how to work with states, feel free to take a look at the Using Visual States, GoToStateAction, and Easing Function tutorials.

In a Silverlight 4 or .NET 4 project, create a state group and specify some states. Next, specify a non-zero second duration and optionally specify an easing function if you want:

[ a simple state setup is all you need to test TransitionEffects ]

Once you have done all of this, click on the TransitionEffect icon. This icon can be found directly to the left of the easing function icon:

[ click on the TransitionEffect icon ]

A few moments after you click on the TransitionEffect icon, you will see a flyout that specifies the TransitionEffect you wish to use:

[ this drop-down lists available TransitionEffects ]

Click on the drop-down to select a TransitionEffect from a handful of transition effects we provide for you:

[ the list of built-in transition effects available for you to use ]

After you select a TransitionEffect, the effect will be set for the particular state group you are currently in. Some transition effects, such as Smooth Swirl Grid, expose additional properties that you can tweak further:

[ some transition effects contain adjustable properties ]

That’s all there is to it. You can quickly preview how your chosen TransitionEffect looks by using the GoToStateAction to play a state from the state group this TransitionEffect was applied to.

Conclusion
Transition effects are both really cool and extremely easy to use. With a few simple clicks, you can essentially define a morph between two visual states.

In case you are curious, the support for transition effects is provided by Expression Blend via the Microsoft.Expression.Effects.dll that originates from the Expression Blend SDKs. This little tidbit is only important if you are sharing this project with someone who may not have the Expression Blend SDKs installed…such as your neighborhood Visual Studio user. The SDKs get installed automatically for you when you install Expression Blend by itself.

Got a question or just want to chat? Comment below or drop by our forums (they are actually the same thing!) where a bunch of the friendliest people you'll ever run into will be happy to help you out!

When Kirupa isn’t busy writing about himself in 3rd person, he is practicing social distancing…even on his Twitter, Facebook, and LinkedIn profiles.

Hit Subscribe to get cool tips, tricks, selfies, and more personally hand-delivered to your inbox.

COMMENTS




SUPPORTERS:

kirupa.com's fast and reliable hosting provided by Media Temple.